When your partner lets you down you're hurt and angry, of course. However, if the problem drinking is a regular occurrence, then this is the time to do something nice for you. Think ahead on this.. You tell him. If you have told him (presumably when he's sober) and his behaviour doesn't change when he's drunk, then you know that he has no intention to change his behavior. You can not change the behaviour of another person except by asking. If you ask and he doesn't change, it means that you aren't worth it to him
If family members try to help (enable the alcoholic) by covering up for their drinking and making excuses for them, they are playing right into the alcoholic's denial game. Dealing with the problem openly and honestly is the best approach. 6 Assess the current situation you are in and the relationship you have with the mean drunk or alcoholic. Understanding the alcoholic's behavior and reasons for acting out will help you when talking with them when sober and reasonable. Step 2 Keep a list of the actions you witness while the alcoholic is drunk or having a fit If your significant other is committed to getting help and is ready to make a change, by all means, stay with them. But if you're stuck in an unhealthy relationship full of lies, arguments or abuse, the best thing you can do for yourself is leave I've been with my boyfriend for over two and a half years and he can be very sweet except when he drinks hard alcohol which has become a daily habit - Gin and the past few nights he gets mean after 11 p.m. and if I try to go to bed at 9 or 10 when I would normally go to sleep on a work night he gets mad at me and makes a huge deal out of me. I knew he was going out for a little bit and that he would be home around 9. He started texting me around 7 p.m., same scenario -- loving at first, then mean and cruel. I asked him when he was coming home (as he takes the train), and by then (it was 10 p.m.) he was overly drunk, incoherent, and walking around Boston aimlessly by himself
There may be a mean drunk inside every man — and now scientists think they might know why. According to a new paper published in the February issue of the journal Cognitive, Affective. Personality Trait Reveals Who Becomes a Mean Drunk. People who live in the present, and tend not to think much about consequences, can make for aggressive drunks, a study shows. Drinking can make.
Offer to help if you can. If your boyfriend clearly states what he wants from you, determine whether it is something you can actually do, or something that you are willing to do. By offering help, you can reduce the anger, stop the mean behaviors, and move the situation forward in a productive manner. The help requested may vary vastly . A woman whose husband is an abusive drunk is at the limit of her tolerance. Mariella Frostrup says she must help herself before she can help.
The heavy drinker, seemingly unaware of what is happening, become furious, resentful and enraged. These are only a few of the symptoms that a person may have a problem with drinking. A few other symptoms are: Drinking early in the morning. Experiencing a craving for alcohol. Hiding bottles or drinking secretly so that family will not know what. A mean drunk is someone who shouts abuse at people, picks fights, punches walls, or punches people, or worse. Frankly, I think your boyfriend was a bit of an arse for asking you why you said things the next day. You seem to be a decent person with a conscience, so him reminding you of silly things you said when drunk seems a bit mean to me The fetal position is a safe position for a drunk person to sleep in. Place a pillow in front of them to keep them from rolling onto their stomach where they could struggle to breathe as well. 3 Wake them up every 5-10 minutes for the first hour Here are a few steps you can take to solve the abusive alcoholic behavior happening in your home. 1. Distance Yourself When They Drink. The best thing you can do for yourself when living with an abusive alcoholic is to create distance. Spend more time out of the house instead of going straight home after work
This doesn't mean your boyfriend has permission to insult or criticize you! If he's in a bad mood, walk away. Leave the room. Don't respond to his anger or frustration. Removing yourself from the situation is the best way to deal with a moody boyfriend. Also, remember that you should never try to change who you are to please your boyfriend The Mean Drunk. When people act differently under the influence, it could be a sign of an alcohol problem. By Olga Khazan. David W Cerny / R. July 22, 2015. Share . They spring from a misunderstanding or a miscommunication, out of hyperbole or semantics. In a state of sobriety, no more than 30 seconds would be spent discussing it but when one/both of you is drunk, it take limitless hours to get to the bottom of the phantom problem How to Cope with an Alcoholic Spouse. Coping with an alcoholic spouse is a dynamic process—one that is more of a journey than a recipe. What helps you in one moment or scenario may be different from the next, so it's important to have a variety of coping methods in your personal toolkit
I Need Help Dealing With My Angry and Alcoholic Mother or has to deal with her own mum. You describe your mother as being confusing because she is at times loving and at other times mean. Living with an alcoholic boyfriend takes a great deal of energy, strength, and wisdom. One of the most important things to do is take good care of your body, mind, and spirit. Learn how to draw healthy boundaries in your relationship. Find out what enabling or codependency is, and how to stop protecting your boyfriend There are some ways you can live with an alcoholic partner: Don't hold yourself accountable. Don't lie about your spouse's alcohol issues. Don't try to control or cure it
To help you figure out if your relationship is healthy, or needs to be ditched, fast, we've asked the experts the top 21 dating red flags that might suggest your partner — sorry to say it. Even if you ask him something simple, he makes a big deal out of it. You never get a straight answer from him. 16. He bashes all of the people in your life. Your parents. Your best friends. Your siblings. He belittles them to trick you into believing he's better than them. That he's the only one you need. 17. He makes you feel anxious. He. My husband of 22 years is a mean drunk. He is a binge drinker on the weekends and flirts with drinking during the week often - more when the weather is nice. He can be a lot of fun, until he's not. He sees himself as the most charming, smartest person in the room - disliking anyone with an opposing view or who might be outspoken 6. They display symptoms of withdrawal. If your partner takes a break from drinking only to experience withdrawal symptoms, like headaches, nausea, tremors, anxiety, irritableness, or even. Question: My boyfriend keeps saying mean things to me and throwing my past in my face. He tells me I will never be a housewife just a forty-year-old party person. How should I handle this? Answer: You're in control of your own destiny - not your boyfriend. If you want to become a housewife someday, you can make that happen
5 How To Outsmart A Master Manipulator. 5.1 Avoid contact with a master manipulator. 5.2 Say no to being manipulated. 5.3 Ignore the would be manipulator. 5.4 Set personal boundaries. 5.5 Set goals and you will notice if someone tries to manipulate you away from them. 5.6 Assume responsibility for what you do Say what you mean but don't say it mean. If what you have to say is not kind, necessary or true, keep your mouth shut. Those are really good things that can help you to protect your emotions when dealing with an alcoholic who steals from you. There are many things that can be learned in relation to how to handle a problem drinker They may go from being a kind, sweet person to being mean and verbally abusive after just a couple of drinks. Or, they could change from being shy and quiet to being loud and aggressive. They could become overly emotional while drinking, whereas when sober, they rarely express any emotions. 5
Dealing With An Emotionally Abusive Or Manipulative Boyfriend. Emotional abuse is a pervasive form of mistreatment in relationships. It happens when a person actively tries to humiliate, belittle, or hurt their partner through tactics such as name calling, insults, victim blaming, and gaslighting . In some cases, you are going to have to bite the bullet and let the person go out of your life. That may be easier said than done because assholes have a way of hanging around. We've said it before, but toxic people and assholes can be very narcissistic, and that can be difficult to change The alcoholic will find a way to justify his drinking problem as long as he can point out something you're doing wrong. Doesn't matter if what he thinks is wrong, or if he's trying to compare habitually eating fast food to his drinking. Logic is lost on him. Empathy is lost on him. Civility is lost on him. Being an alcoholic is a lonely life Healthy relationships are based on trust, mutual respect, and security. Not emotional manipulation. Each person must feel they are valued and loved unconditionally, accepted for who they are, and safe to expose their vulnerabilities and flaws. This is the ideal foundation for a good relationship, but of course, all of us fall short of thi Your husband drinks too much and you are worried about him. His drinking is not only harmful to his health, but negatively impacts your relationship. As drinking gets worse, it takes time away from a couple, creating an emotional distance that is tough to overcome, according to the American Association for Marriage.
I was in a relationship with an alcoholic(he is 31divorced & has a child) he didnt get violent but because i have a few alcoholics in my family it always ended up in an argument.The more i would tell him that he has a problem the more he would deny it.He was on hardcore drugs a few years ago before i met him and he has left all the hardcore drugs but seems to have replaced it with alcohol and. . This doesn't mean that you should lower your general expectations of him as a decent partner—it means that you should lower them when it comes to emotional matters. As your boyfriend, he should be there for you.
He just doesn't care about your needs anymore. Your man was once very attentive to your needs and the needs of the relationship, now he only focuses on himself. He wants to just hang out with his friends. He only wants to do what he wants. He doesn't even want to hear you out anymore when you need a shoulder to lean on https://alcoholicsfriend.com Tips to help in dealing with a friend or relative who is an alcoholic. Your situation can get better. Follow these steps when d..
Someone defined as an alcoholic is dealing with alcoholism, a term medical experts say is a form of the disease. You cannot make someone drink, nor is there a cure. Alcohol rehabilitation facilities provide hope and renewed perspective through programs designed to provide guidance and recovery along with support from friends and family Dealing with an alcoholic through confrontation can be very risky if not adequately planned and prepared. A thoughtless comment can make the situation more difficult to handle. Hence, one wants to make sure that the confrontation is steered in a direction where the person can be persuaded to seek professional help to give up alcohol At the end of the day, a narcissist is not a healthy companion for anyone, and the best thing you can do is to try and remove them from your life and move on. If, for any reason, going no contact isn't a viable option (perhaps you have children with them, or they are your boss), try to implement the Gray Rock Method to deal with them in a way. Here are four specific steps that will help as you deal with your moody boyfriend or spouse. 1. Don't reward constant moodiness. Rather than scurrying around to try and keep your moody boyfriend happy, you can take a different tack. Try ignoring his moods, and waiting to interact with him when he's on an even keel The minute someone starts talking about so-and-so's boyfriend, move them away from the main body of the party to somewhere quiet. It doesn't matter if it's the garden, the bathroom or an unoccupied bedroom, the last thing you need is the Sober Drunk blabbing in front of someone they'll regret
im going through a similar problem dealing with my boyfriend who keeps on judging me on my past and keeps on criticizing me on how much less money i spend on him and how much he spends on me comparatively. im just getting sick of his judgmental nature but honestly im trying to deal with it because i love him more than anything else 4 Ways To Deal With A Drunk Text. By Zoe Weiner. July 16, 2015. Or if you've sent an angry or mean text, you need let the recipient know you're sorry, especially if you said things that. If you don't deal with her the right way, then the bitchiness will only get worse. This article will show you exactly what you need to do to deal with a disrespectful girlfriend. But first, let's take a look at an email from a reader who is going through this problem in his own relationship So if your boyfriend still talks to his ex or your girlfriend is still on her ex's Snapchat Best Friends list, feeling a little wary about that bond is pretty standard. But if you're seriously. Steps Towards Escaping a Relationship with a Covert Narcissist. 1) Forgive Yourself: For many victims, their first response upon learning and accepting that they have fallen into a manipulative and exploitative relationship with a covert narcissist is shame and self-hatred. Thus the first step is to forgive yourself
Ask a Guy: My Boyfriend Flirts With Other Women. by Eric Charles. I have been with my boyfriend for over a year and I do not understand why he won't stop flirting with other girls. I give him everything that he needs sexually, emotionally, physically and mentally, but still he flirts with other girls and has sexy conversations with them There is no difference between a verbally abusive husband and a verbally abusive boyfriend. By the time the abuse starts, the unmarried victim committed themselves to the abuser in some way (pregnancy, introduced to the family, etc.), and the married victim is legally (and presumably spiritually) bound to the abuser. 1 It doesn't matter if the abuser is heterosexual or homosexual, the abuse. Just tonight (well, it's 2:51 a.m. now) I am overcome with angst over the situation in my own lifegoogled Dealing with a mean mother, and BAM! Arrived at your site. Well-written ideas. My own mother is identical to her own mother, who died horribly lonely and mean, mean, mean The only way to deal with negative emotions is to acknowledge them, face them head on, and work through them. So don't worry about his actions post breakup - they don't mean anything about you and they don't say anything about what your relationship really meant to him
All of the stories begin the same way. When we first met things were so different. He was so different. Almost every woman ever has looked back on an relationship after it's ended and noted the differences in their ex from the start to the finish. The longer the relationship, the more likely there is to be a stark difference in any relationship No more emailing or dealing with your ex via text. All communication can be relegated to in-app features, the contents of which may be admissible in court and custody disputes. Many such app don't offer an edit feature so text can't be deleted or altered after the fact. This may come in handy if the relationship is contentious Dealing with Relationship Fights: 12 Things to Never Do After a Fight Stacey Feintuch Updated: Feb. 03, 2020 Relationship fights may seem like the end of the world, but it's completely normal and. How do I deal with a breakup with my boyfriend? Separating from someone a girlfriend or boyfriend you love is never easy. The first step to dealing with the breakup is to be easy on yourself. Regardless of whose fault the breakup is, you've both experienced a separation and loss. Be honest about your feelings and chat with a professional if needed
If child-like emotions are erupting within an adult situation, the stress can be enormous for both the adult child and their victim, which is, much of the time, the parents. 2. Broken relationships. Of course, toxic adults cannot retain a normal relationship with another person. At least, it's not a common success story Likewise, just because someone makes a political statement doesn't mean you have to respond. One of the worst things you can do when confronted with a political argument you don't want to have. If your boyfriend is acting jealous without a good reason then maybe the best thing to do is move on to prevent yourself from having to deal with the baggage. Hiding things from one another will only create a tension that in turn will cause friction like him being a jealous boyfriend. Establishing a set of ground. It could also mean helping the alcoholic with daily errands or tasks while he or she is in rehab. To learn more about how to help an alcoholic friend, call us for a free, confidential referral. With your friend's insurance information on hand, you can also use the free and confidential form below to see if treatment is covered
Stress is a normal part of everyday life — jobs, finances, relationships, and politics — can be stressful. Certain types of stress can be good for you, there's even a term, eustress which refers to beneficial stress. Stress can influence individuals in positive ways, mobilizing them to improve their performance, reach work deadlines, study for a final exam, etc It's become a black and white situation at this point, meaning, I say black and he says white. Fast forward to my having had enough of a mean drunk who is capable of saying such nasty things. I've ended things, or am in the long, arduous process of trying to end this relationship with the alcoholic Living with a Functioning Alcoholic Husband - What Are My Options? To the outside world, your husband seems like a fun guy. He has a solid career, loves you and the kids and is the life of the party in social situations. But if people could see what he is like in the privacy of your home, they may form a different opinion The Challenges of Dealing With an Alcoholic Loved One. Psychology Today 15 Benton, Sarah. Ways to Approach the High Functioning Alcoholic in Your Life. Psychology Today 16 Blaming Others for Their Problems. Alcoholic's Friend 17 Alexander, Rose. 9 Suggestions for Confronting an Alcoholic. LifeScript, 18 Gifford, Steven. But frankly who cares if all he does is nods at his shrink, drive home, drink, and acts bilegerent towards you. Understanding the problem isn't necessarily going to solve it or make you feel any better. Dump him. Or when he does it just walk out the door and go have fun until he's sober. Deep thinking is overrated
An addiction therapist can help you find positive ways to deal with the stress of living with a functional alcoholic. Holding an Intervention If the consequences of high-functioning alcoholism have become overwhelming, and your loved one refuses to seek help for alcohol abuse , it could be time to plan an intervention Being an HFA affects every aspect of that individual's life—but they are often unable to see this truth until they get sober. In terms of family life and friends, there is also the problem of. First, to answer your question, no, I do not believe that alcohol brings out the true personailty. For some people, such as your husband, alcohol loosens the inhibitions and causes him to become angry and verbally abusive. In addition, the strikes walls and other types of inanimate objects. All of this indicates that he does have a problem with. 5. Sexuality: This motive describes calls due to sexual arousal, to initiate sex, or to hook up with someone. Whichever group you fall into, they all have one thing in common: reduced.
Alcohol is often blamed for transforming people into angrier, more flirtatious versions of themselves, but a new study shows alcohol may have less of an effect on personality than many believe I have a boyfriend who yesterday said that he myself and ny other guy friend should get together and I asked and do what he respond arithmetic anything really and then he add me if my friend was cute so I sent him a picture of my friend and then I said are you still my bf and then he replied yeah I am still your bf but he's cute How to deal with a boyfriend who says mean things and then takes them back later on. our dad has a really bad temper especially when he's drunk. The other day he got really mad, started yelling [at me] and broke a plate while my sister  was there. That really scared her and I don't know what to d However, if you are able to deal skillfully with an angry partner, your relationship may transform dramatically. Here are some effective strategies for dealing with an angry partner. 1
Let your partner be angry alone. The sharp contrast of your calm, peaceful, and mature attitude may help your partner realize how badly he or she is behaving and in turn, help you understand how to handle a spouse with rage. 3. Do think about your own behavior. This is where you need to be brutally honest with yourself To ensure this, you must ask your husband/boyfriend to go for counselling. You too must opt for counseling to deal with a misogynist husband. 5. Know the reason and chose for intervention. The root of misogyny is difficult to find. But you will have to know the reason behind a man's misogyny if you want to effectively deal with it How to Deal with a Husband that's Cranky and Crabby. Let him complain, acknowledge, then drop the subject. Just let him complain. Men often let off steam by just grumbling and griping about what they can't change in life. Sometimes it's national politics, sometimes it's work politics, sometimes it's stuff they see on TV that drives them batty You tell him in tears that drinking has taken over his life and he's become an alcoholic. You tell him you understand because you know he's always gonna be a drunk wether you like it or not. You feel dissappointed but at the sametime you know you can't ask so much from him so you let it slide. 6. 6 If the alcoholic won't get help, that doesn't mean that you have to sit there and suffer with them. You can get help for yourself. Support groups are full of people like you, who have to deal with addiction and alcoholism of someone they love
She just broke up with the 3 or 4th boyfriend in 3 years. They usually leave because of her drinking. I installed a breathalyzer in her car. So she can't drive drunk. She does well for several weeks then she's back drinking. She lies all the time. Last night she got drunk at work couldn't start her car. She took an Uber ride home Psychologist's Reply. Your boyfriend is verbally abusive. According to the Medical Dictionary, verbal abuse is A form of emotional abuse consisting of the use of abusive and demeaning language with a spouse, child, or elder, often by a caregiver or other person in a position of power.. The most commonly used form is name-calling but it. Tips To Deal With A Verbally Abusive Relationship. Being in such a relationship can leave psychological scars on the victim. What does verbal abuse do to a woman or a man? It can lead to anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and impaired self-confidence. Therefore, if you think you are experiencing abuse try to react as soon as possible
That's where your nice, loving boyfriend comes in. Having a girlfriend makes him the most tempting prospect, because that's just how life goes. At the end of the day, your boyfriend made the choice to get drunk before happy hour, but that's the price of being a really good friend. #3 The down-on-his-luck guy Try to determine the cause of your boyfriend's mood. Ask him if he had a bad day at work, a fight with a friend or if he lost something important to him. Learning the cause behind his mood is the first step to dealing with it. Don't be offended if he doesn't want to talk Sometimes getting a girl with a boyfriend is a piece of cake and you don't need a guide. These easy situations include: She's an inveterate cheater; The two of them have an open relationship; She was drunk (and used to cheat) The two of them are just about to break up; She is looking for a revenge lay And you happen to be a cool guy she. 5. He tells you point blank. There's no clearer sign that he's never going to be your boyfriend than when he says it. If you keep pressing the issue, he's going to just start avoiding you completely. Respect his wishes and don't get obsessive. 6. He tries to hook you up with his friends We have a very similar situation too.. but my husband's ex girlfriend is the nutcase and my ex boyfriend is the meth user and alcoholic. We have issues on both ends. The courts cannot help in these cases. Turn to the Lord, pray and seek His guidance, in Jesus name. Acts 2:38 KJV
Some tips to help with this: 1. Realize you cannot control other people. They are going to do the crazy, stupid, incorrect things they are going to do. You can't force them to do anything else. You can't force someone to stop being lazy or lying to you or cheating on you. The only person you can control is you 9. Act instead of just reacting. Oftentimes we wait until someone gets angry or depressed before we try to buoy their spirits. If you know someone who seems to deal with difficult thoughts or feelings often (as demonstrated in their behavior), don't wait for a situation to help them create positive feelings OK, so your boyfriend isn't always going to get along swimmingly with your friends. But if he goes out of his way to say mean things about them, it could be a sign of jealousy. It's perfectly natural for a guy to dislike one or two of your friends—the issue is if he hates ALL of them The road to recovery can have a few bumps. If you or a loved one has a relapse, it's not the end. Here's how to deal with a recovering alcoholic who relapses. For the recovering alcoholic, whether you have just stepped out of a rehab facility or celebrated your 25th year of sobriety, relapse is only ever 1 drink away 5. Set firm boundaries: When you first met your narcissist, you likely had few boundaries, and continued to ignore the red flags because you wanted to please him. Narcissists hate people with boundaries. They take and take from people who give and give. So if you stop giving, he will have nothing to take
A true narcissist isn't just someone who's self-absorbed, especially if they fit a clinical diagnosis. A true narcissist will exhibit behaviors that hurt your mental, and sometimes physical, health The alcoholic created the problem and the alcoholic has to find a solution. How to Deal with an Alcoholic - Get Help for Yourself and Those Living with an Alcoholic. There are many families living with an alcoholic who refuses help. In these cases, it's useful for the family members to seek their own help when dealing with an alcoholic 2. Do not ever expect anything. Do not ask for anything. It takes a strong person to deal with a narcissist. Be self sufficient and keep your finances separate if you can. They believe in quid pro quid.. They always expect to make some kind of deal in that they will more often take and rarely give ( only for appearances) I mean, i love him and want to help him (he is an alcoholic, but has changed a lot since we got together in that regard, but he has no friends, He is so self conscious and lacks confidence, and i know he is very depressed and has tried to kill himself three times
Funny enough, I wanted to write about how to deal with your girlfriend texting another guy because I was in a similar situation with my boyfriend. Now, I wasn't texting other guys because I was interested in them, but I was talking to some of my male friends via text 10 Strategies for Dealing with Your Narcissistic Ex. Just because there was a divorce, it doesnt mean the narcissist will gain any insight or claim responsibility. Instead, things will be more. 14 Signs You Have a Toxic Mother-in-Law. Whether your mother-in-law demonstrates all of these signs or just a few, to some extent it doesn't make much practical difference. She's controlling, manipulative, and judgmental—and she makes your life difficult. 1. She is always right, without exception
Many people believe that bipolar disorder comes with only sad depression or euphoric mania. In reality, this is just 50% of bipolar disorder. The other side of bipolar includes symptoms of irritation, anger, restlessness, and a mean and nasty mood.This mood swing can be from either agitated depression, or an episode with mixed features, which I call dysphoric mania • Once while drunk, she admitted that she likes to hang with you because she feels skinny in comparison. • When the lunch check arrives, she says, Can you get it? I just bought a new Coach. If your husband is an alcoholic, than you're suffering from alcoholism as well. That's because alcoholism is a family disease. To cope with your spouse's alcoholism, you'll develop defense mechanisms that get in the way of your own happiness.You might feel despair, hopelessness, even fear - despite being stone cold sober it sucks he's such a dickhead. thats really hard when you have to see him all the time and cant just avoid him. i dont really have any advice on what to do about him but i do think you were right to voice your concerns to your mum even if it didnt exactly go your way, my mum dated a guy once that was horrible he wasnt mean he was just super sleazy and kept making comments about how when he and. I hit this thread whilst looking for how to deal with a difficult elderly mother and read it. Wow it opened my eyes after a particularly difficult say speaking to mums doctor to tell him we think she needs care but enjoys her suffering and sitting on a chair in her diapers moaning
The 12-step programs deal with this selfish nature pretty well. In fact, Steps four and five have the recovering addict or alcoholic begin to look at their character defects. Selfishness can be one of those character defects. If you ask most recovering alcoholics or addicts if they were selfish when they were using, many would say absolutely The brothers he lost are my precious 15 year old and very recently my equally precious 29 year old son. I deal with my grief every minute of every day and I do it without abusing anyone, breaking things or getting drunk every day and without stealing medications from family members, grandparents, etc. When dealing with a person with narcissism, the rules are different. This is true in all aspects of the relationship, but for this article, the focus is on the narcissistic wound How to apologize to an ex apologize for what you specifically did wrong. Don't ever say I know what I did wrong.. TELL the person what you know so that they can feel safe, validated, and inclined to keep listening. Ask the other person to share their experience with you and how it made them feel Unfortunately, the reality of the situation is that it's going to take a lot more than just learning how to make an ex miss you. If you really want to learn how to make your ex want you back and keep him for good, it takes more than just him feeling sad you're not together anymore.. Now, I don't want you to take what I'm saying the wrong way — making your ex miss you is a crucial. In all my team and I have identified 4 signs signs that your ex is having a hard time with the breakup. Unfollow/Unfriend. Deleting Pictures Together But Leaving One Untouched. Being Quick To Anger. Obsessive Thoughts And Cravings. I'd like to take a moment to dissect each of these signs. Let's start from the top